My Family History


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Holston, Thomas (I2038)
Don Manuel Izquierdo Añorga

Falleció en Cantabria a los 80 años de edad

Falleció en Hoznayo, en el día de ayer, habiendo recibido los Santos Sacramentos y la Bendición Apostólica.D. E. P.Su esposa, doña Sofía Añorga Horna; hija, María Dolores; hijo político, Antonio García Ochoa; nietos, Belén y David; hermanos políticos, sobrinos, primos y demás familia,RUEGAN a sus amistades una oración por su alma y asistan a la conducción del cadáver que tendrá lugar HOY, MARTES, a las DOCE del mediodía, desde TANATORIO EL ALISAL (sala n.º 2), al cementerio de Ciriego donde será incinerado. El funeral por su eterno descanso se celebrará HOY, MARTES, a las CINCO de la tarde, en la iglesia parroquial de Hoznayo y a continuación la inhumación de sus cenizas en el cementerio de este pueblo. Favores por los cuales les quedarán agradecidos.Hoznayo, 17 de junio de 2008.

Don Manuel Izquierdo Añorga

He died in Cantabria at 80 years of age

Hoznayo died in yesterday, having received the Holy Sacraments and the Blessing Apostólica.D. E. P.Su wife, doña Sofia Añorga Horna; daughter, Maria Dolores, stepson, Antonio García Ochoa, grandchildren, Belén and David; political brothers, nephews, cousins and other family, her friends beg a prayer for his soul and attend driving the body to be held today, Tuesday, at noon, from TANATORIO El Alisal (room n. # 2), the cemetery where he will be cremated Ciriego. The funeral for his eternal rest will be held today, Tuesday, at five in the afternoon, in the parish church of Hoznayo and then burial of the ashes in the cemetery of this town. Favors by which they will agradecidos.Hoznayo, June 17, 2008.

Manuel Izquierdo Añorga

Falleció en Hoznayo a los 80 años de edad
Que falleció el día 16 de junio de 2008, habiendo recibido los SS. SS. y la B. A.
D. E. P.
Su esposa, doña Sofía Añorga Horna; hija, María Dolores; hijo político, Antonio García Ochoa; nietos, Belén y David; hermanos políticos, sobrinos, primos y demás familia,

RUEGAN una oración por su alma y asistan al funeral aniversario que, por su eterno descanso, se celebrará HOY, SABADO día 20, a las SEIS de la tarde, en la Iglesia Parroquial de Hoznayo. Favores por los cuales les quedarán agradecidos.
Hozanayo, 20 de junio de 2009. 
Izquierdo Añorga, Manuel (I1716)
He was described by family members as tall, slender, and very handsome. As far as anyone knows, he never had a picture taken.

James Daniel Hood and Margaret Rebecca Emery Coke lived in Rhea County when they were first married and had two children. They moved to Meigs County in the Big Springs community across the river from where James' family lived and here they had four more children. They were a farming family and their farm was on what is now called Ridge Road in Big Springs. They had an orchard with several varieties of apples, plums, pears, and peaches in addition to the normal things raised on farms at that time. James also did blacksmithing and would cut timber in the fall and winter. [from The History of Meigs County, Tennessee and It's People 1836 - 1997.]

James Daniel Hood married Margaret Rebecca Emery in 1876 after her husband, James L. Coke, left her and her daughter Mary Isabelle Coke. Since they were married on 12 Jan 1876, Mary Isabelle was probably about 5 or 6 years old when her father, James Cole left.

Although the computer program calculates James Hood as my great-grandfather, he is in fact, my "step"-great-grandfather. My real great-grandfather is James L. Coke, Margaret Emory's first husband.

The following, is taken from a letter between William Floyd Ayers, and sister Peggy Ann Ayers Rollins:

James Daniel Hood died 29 Oct. 1929, and I don't know if they lived in Rhea County, at that time or not, but I assume that they did. (They lived on their farm in the Big Springs Community of Meigs County. James Daniel Hood was standing up, driving a wagon pulled by a team of horses. The horses spooked at something and jumped. He fell backward and struck his head on a farm implement being carried in the wagon and died a few days later after being carried home and put to bed. This I got from several sources, including his grandson, John Austin Moon, b. Jan. 2, 1919, who visited him on his death bed. F.A.) Mother said that by the time the letter came to Granddad Hood (James Cleveland, then living in Jackson Co., AL., south of the Tennessee River.), that he had already been buried, but that Granddad went anyway, and that he went back again in the spring, and when he returned home that time, he brought Great Grandma (Margaret Rebecca Hood) with him. Mother said that she stayed there with them for about three weeks, but that she wanted to go back home, and would have go back sooner, but it took time for the letter to get back to Uncle John to come for her, and that he came by boat, and took her back home. (I called Mother for clarification about this. Granddad Hood brought her in by boat, which he paddled up Coon Creek from the Caisson place. He had prearranged with Uncle John, who also lived in Jackson Co. across the Tennessee River from our grandparents, to pick her up in three weeks. When she wanted to leave early, they pretended to write a letter to Uncle John to come and get her. Mother's oldest brother, Robert was sent toward the post office with instructions to tear the letter up, instead of mailing it, which he did, because they wanted Grandma Hood to stay longer. When the appointed time came for Uncle John to take her back home to Meigs Co., Tennessee, in his car, Granddad Hood took her in a wagon to Coffee's Ferry on the Tennessee River to meet John. F.A.) Margaret Rebecca Emory Coke Hood, died 28 Oct, 1937, in Meigs County. (She and James Daniel are buried at Good Hope Cemetery. F.A.)

From Floyd Ayers 12 May 2008

"According to our family's oral tradition, James Daniel Hood and his brothers were 1/2 Cherokee. This tradition has been handed down to his brother's descendents also, as we have learned from those we have communicated with. We know James Daniel's father was also named James Hood, and that there were two or three James Hoods living within and adjoining the Cherokee Nation in the early 1800's, but have not been able to obtain sufficient family history to tie ours down. We have no record of his birth or death. James Daniel, and his brothers first appear in the 1860 Tennessee census, with his mother, "Rozannah" Hood, age 47, listed as head of household. Presumably, his father had died before 1860. His brothers' descendents have run into the same lack of documentation on the Hood family.

References to the Cherokee area's "James Hood(s)" are very sketchy but appear in various historical documents, such as an 1809 payroll list at Hiwassee Garrison, where James and William Hood were both "regulars" in the US Army, Seventh Regiment. Hiawassee Garrison was located in Rhea County, TN, on the Tennessee River near Blythe's Ferry, where present TN Hwy 60 crosses the river. It was the US Government's Cherokee Indian Agency at that time. A James Hood is also listed among the Cherokee Indian Agent's list of "Settlers and Intruders on Cherokee Indian Lands, 1801-1816. To get on the list he might have done anything from marrying an Indian woman and living within the Cherokee Nation to simply traveling through the Nation without the required permit. It's all very frustrating to our genealogy research.

The Mrs. Moon, who I mentioned in a prior e-mail, also told my Aunt Thelma that our James Hood was a soldier, who met and married Rose Anna (Rosannah) (Rozannah) Cline, a Cherokee, on the Trail of Tears. Since the Cherokee Removal took place in 1838, this story coincides with the birth of their first child, Rufus, in 1839. However, a marriage liscense was issued to James Hood and Rosannah Cline in Roane County, TN, in 1842. They might they have lived together before that time, and possibly even have gone to Indian Territory, then returned. Who knows? I originally joined the Trail of Tears Association with the hope that it might advance my genealogy research. Instead, the needs of the Association captured my attention and time, and my family research has been minimal for eleven years. Attached are young photos of my mother, Annie Ruth Hood, and five of her seven siblings. The Cherokee heritage, mainly eyes, cheekbones, mouths and hair is notable in some of their features." 
Hood, James Daniel (I666)
James L Coke, 26, farmer, in Sulphur Springs area of Rhea County in 1870 with Margaret listed as being 15. It also states on the census that they were newly married in January of 1870. This census was also in the Sulpher Springs (now Rhea Springs) area of Rhea County. In this and other census we also find Rebecca Cogburn Emory, mother of Margaret living with the Boles family.

Although Margaret's maiden name is spelled differently in a number of sources, her name on her tombstone is spelled EMORY, but on the death ceritificate it is EMERY, so that is the name I have settled on.

* * * * * * * *
Margaret Rebecca Emory Hood was born 25 March 1855 in Rhea County and was a descendant of Joe and Beckie Cogburn Emery. She had one child with her first husband, Jim Coke - Mary Isabelle Coke, born 1870, died 1955. After her husband left home for good, she married James Daniel Hood and with him had 6 additional children. Margaret was also known as a great cook. Her fruit pies were very well known in the family, as well as, her homemade quilts. She and her husband are buried at Good Hope Cemetery in Big Springs. [from The History of Meigs County, Tennessee and It's People 1836 - 1997.]

* * * * * * * *

The following was taken from a letter between William Floyd Ayers, and his sister Peggy Ann Ayers Rollins:

Margaret Rebecca EMORY (daughter of Joseph EMORY and Rebecca COGBURN) was born on 18 Mar 1855 in , , Tennessee. She died on 28 Oct 1937 in , Meigs , Tennessee. She was buried in , Meigs , Tennessee.

In 1870 Rhea Co. Census: First, I found Rufus Hood, (bro. of James Daniel) and his family, and in fact, James Daniel was 15 at that time, and living in the same house. Rufus Hood 32, Susan 23, Margaret 6, Sarah 3, Charles 1, James D. 15 Brother

The next house was John and Mary Jane Boles. John Boals 31, Mary Jane 21, George 2, Malissa J 8/12.

A few more houses away was the George Boals house, where Rebecca Emory (our Gr-Gr-Grandmother) was living. She was 49 and it said she was keeping house. I cannot help but wonder if maybe Polly Boals was her sister. Just something to keep in mind, but I haven't found the marriage for them so, I don't know what Polly's maiden name was.

The next house was Daniel Boals and his wife Luvena, and he was another son of George and Polly. Then, several more houses away, maybe miles away, were Great Grandma (Margaret Rebecca Emory Coke Hood) and her first husband, James L Coke.

They were married 10 Feb. 1869 (In Rhea Co.). At that time, he was 26, and she was 15. Aunt (Mary) Isabelle (Bell) (Stanley) was born sometime that year I have heard two stories, about what happened to James Coke. Willie Ruth Ziegler Conner (b. June 17, 1922), daughter of Aunt Hassie, said all she can remember hearing was that he was working or something away from home with another man, and that he was killed by Indians. She said that the two men's bodies were found, and that since he never returned, that G Grandma always figured that it was him.

Willie Ruth (Ziegler Conners, age 80) also said that G Grandma was entitled to an Indian claim, but that she had a small daughter, and no way to travel to sign her claim.

Floyd: (This would have been between 1869 and 1876, when she married James Daniel Hood. This claim would likely have been for settlement with Cherokee descendants for the land taken in Tennessee and other Southeastern states. We need to check the Cherokee rolls and applications (if available) for Margaret Rebecca's siblings, aunts, uncles and cousins, who might have succeeded in enrolling. F.A.) Willie Ruth said that she had looked for papers which would have that information , but had not had any success in locating them.

Another story was that Great Grandma (Margaret Rebecca Emory Hood) liked to argue, and that one time Great Grandpa was up on the roof fixing it, and that she was arguing with him about something, and that he was totally ignoring her, and just kept working and whistling, so she picked up something and throw at him.

(The version of the story that I heard was that it was our Granddad James Cleveland Hood on the roof. F.A.) James Daniel HOOD and Margaret Rebecca EMORY had the following children: 
Emery, Margaret Rebecca (I8)
The following has documented sources:

The earliest source I have for him is the 1900 U.S. census where he is the head of the household, with his wife Mary M., son George, daughters Rosie and Mary. It also shows that they have been married for 6 years, ergo, around 1894 for a marriage date. The son's birth date in this census is Feb 1887 and lists him as 13 years old. Warren Allen Butcher, son of Marie Leonetti Butcher and who died in 2008 remembers a family story that Maria Winkler was married before and that George is her son from the first marriage. Rosie and Mary are of course, Rosalie and Marie whose birth dates are May 1896 and Nov 1897, respectively. These dates are in conflict with other sources. The California Death Index shows that Marie was born on 9 Nov 1898 and died in San Diego on 6 Jun 1995.

In this census he also states that he was born in Feb 1857 in Italy and his wife in June 1859 in Germany. They both emigrated in 1883 and have lived in the U.S. for 17 years. His occupation is shown as "Fruit Dealer".

Immigration: There is one possibility of a "A. Leonetti" departing from Naples and arriving New York on 13 April 1883. His birth year of 1852 and the immigration year of 1883 both fit with two of the censuses.

In the 1910 Census Antonio states that he is 58 years old which would suggest a birth year of 1852, not 1857 as he claimed in the 1900 census. He is now a widower, Maria having died in 1906. The census also shows Rosie (Rosalie), age 13, Mary (Marie), age 12, and Antonio Jr. (Walter Antonio), age 9 living with him. Again he states that he emigrated in 1883, is now a naturalized citizen, and owns his own store and is a fruit dealer.

The 1920 Census shows him still in San Francisco as the head of the household, age 69, closer to the 1910 census birth year which would put his birth year at 1851-1852. It also shows Walter A., age 23 living with him. Rosalie and Marie are not living at home in this census. Rosalie was married by this time to Allan Lindskog. And, in the case of Marie, she was soon to be married to Nolan Butcher in 1921. But also shown in the household is Ann E., daughter-in-law, age, 25 who is Ann McDermott, the first wife of Walter. Also listed is Walter K. Leonetti, age 22 months, the son of Walter and Ann. This 1920 census also shows that Antonio became a citizen in 1891 and owned his own home in San Francisco, free and clear. Walter is shown as a salesman in his father's fruit store.

Unverified Sources

According to the Leonetti family history prepared by a unknown family member in the 1980s Antonio was the oldest of seven siblings born to Saverio Leonetti and Maria Teresa Rotundo. He was born on 9 February 1851 in the village of Castelsilano, province of Crotone, Italy in the Calabria region. The family history also states that his parents were Savario Leonetti and Maria Teresa Rotundo. Film (microfilm) 1799766 ( Items 1 - 3) from the Church of LDS, births 1849-1865 in the village of Castelsilano lists an Antonio born 10.02.1852 to Saverio Leonetti, age 32 and Maria Teresa Bolusino, age 27. A year later Vincenzo was born on 24.10.1853 to Saverio Leonetti, age 33 and Maria Rotundo, age 28. My assumption at this stage of research is that this is the correct Antonio and that his mother, Maria Teresa Bolusino gave birth to him, but died shortly after his birth and that he was raised by his stepmother, Maria Rotundo. Viewing the microfilm may yield additional information which will either confirm or negate this assumption. 
Leonetti, Antonio (I437)
There is a record in the VitalSearch database that confirms the death and birth dates. It also lists her father's last name as Hoffman.

Dorothy states that Franziska was born in Walldürn, Germany which is the District of Kreis in the State of Baden-Württemberg. Walldürn was mentioned as a city in the late 13th century. In 1294 the city was acquired by the archbishops of Mainz. The oldest seal dates from around 1400 and shows the castle of the Lords of Dürn between two trees, making the arms canting (Wald=forest). The small shield is the arms of the State of Mainz. The composition has not changed since, but the colours differed widely. The present colours were officially determined in 1960.
Hoffman, Franziska (I33)
7 !MARRIAGE:Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who
Came to America bef 1760, Ancestral Roots of Certain
American Colonists Who Came to America bef 1760, Frederick
Lewis Weis, 7th ed Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore 1992,
line 219 pp 182-183
!MARRIAGE:large-G675.FTW, large-G675.FTW, line 219 pp
Family F216
8 !MARRIAGE:Our Family Tree, Our Family Tree, Jordan &
Kimble, 1929
!MARRIAGE:PrenticeNet: A Lineage to Caesar, PrenticeNet: A
Lineage to Caesar, WWW
!MARRIAGE:Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet and Cecily De
Neville A Royal Study and Chartin g to the Begining,
Ancestry of Richard Plantagenet and Cecily De Neville A
Royal Study and Chartin g to the Begining, Kraentzler,
Ernst-Friedrich, 17 OCT 1994, chart 1812
!MARRIAGE:large-G675.FTW, large-G675.FTW, Chart 1826, p 393 
Family F223
9 "Casual Harmon, known locally as Cass, was born in a log house on the Meigs County side of Blythe Ferry. As a young man of 17, he went to Texas and became a cowboy and worked in side shows as "Two Gun Cass". He would tell a story about coming home riding his tall horse and he would shoot his pistols in the air as he came across the ridge close to his parents home. He was an expert marksman.

Uncle Cass and Aunt Becky, as they were known by their relatives and friends, raised their family in the Big Springs community. He was a successful farmer and was a highly skilled blacksmith and wagon builder. Becky raised chickens and would sell or trade eggs for other goods. She was avid gardener and always had beautiful flowers. She was a grand story teller and the grandchildren enjoyed her stories very much. Cass was also good with honey bees. He had several stands and taught his sons this skill. Cass and Becky moved to Chattanooga in their later years to be closer to their children. Cass died July 26, 1955 and Becky died December 9, 1963. Both are buried at Good Hope Cemetery." [from The History of Meigs County, Tennessee and It's People 1836 - 1997. Submitted by Casual Edward Johnson, 1014 Castleberry Avenue, Rossville, GA 30741.] 
Johnson, Casual Harmon (I794)
10 "Mrs. Elizabeth Mead, the aged wife of the venerable Chauncy Mead, died last night at 7 oclock in her 90th year, after more than 70 years of happy married life.

Mrs. Mead's maiden name was Morss. She was born in New Jersey 3 Feb. 1806. When young she moved with her parents to New York, thence to Southern Indiana when it was a territory. There was married 3rd Oct 1825 to Mr. Mead and they moved to the Northern part of the state (South Bend) 60 years ago. After living there about 15 years they came to Jones County and in 1853 went onto the farm adjoing Monticello, which has since been their home.

Mr. and Mrs. Mead celebrated the 70th anniversary of their marriage at their home last October. Mrs. Mead began to fail about a year ago, since then she has been afflicted more or less with dropsy, but her death may be attributed to the wearing out of the human machine. It's seldom indeed that a couple are blessed with such a long life of married happiness. Mrs. Meads mind remained clear up to the very last days of life.

She was the mother of six children, three of whom survive. They are Simon Mead of Monticello, William Mead of Manchester, and Mrs. Elizabeth Holston of Kansas. The funeral services will be conducted at the family residence tomorrow morning at 11 oclock by Rev. J.Q. Dickensheets of the UB Church."
Morss, Elizabeth (I301)
11 "New Hampshire Marriage Records 1637–1947." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2011. “New Hampshire Statewide Marriage Records 1637–1947,” database, FamilySearch, 2009. New Hampshire Bureau of Vital Records. “Marriage Records.” New Hampshire Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, Concord. Source (S436)
12 "The Gentry Family in America - Epilogue Volume 3 Number 12 by Willard Gentry "
This document provides an overview and descendand chart for Nicholas theImmigrant. It is the end of the formal essays but is a very good placeto begin a search because it clearly outlines the names and issues inwhich to look for references.

References collected by Willard Gentry of the GFG regarding Nicholas I.

1.) "The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent andJames City Counties, 1684-1786", transcribed and edited by C.G.Chamberlayne, published by The Library Board, Richmond, VA, 1937.
[Previous edition: "The Parish Register of St. Peter's, New Kent County,VA from 1680 to 1787, transcribed by National Society of the ColonialDames of America in the State of Virginia, 1904.]

2.) "The Gentry Family in America, 1676 to 1909", by Richard Gentry, TheGrafton Press, New York, NY, 1909. [It will be standard practice in thisjournal to refer to this book as GFA.]

3.) "The Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County, VA,1706-1786", transcribed and edited by C.G. Chamberlayne, published by TheLibrary Board, Richmond, VA, 1940, reprinted 1973.

4.) "Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents andGrants, Vol III (1695-1732), abstracted by Nell Marion Nugent, publishedby Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA, 1979
p.260 (20 Feb 1723), Samuel Gentry, 400 acs Hanover Co., on N. side theSouth Anna (Riv);
p.277 (22 Feb 1724), Samuel Gentry, 196 acs Hanover Co., on both sides ofBeech Cr.

5.) St. Paul's Vestry Book, for 31 Mar 1756, [Continuation of report forPrincinct 6] "In compliance with the within Order, we have procession'dall the Lands beginning at the Mouth of Beech Creek, and up the [SouthAnna] River to the mouth of Stonehorse Creek, and up the Creek to themain Road, and down the road to the head of Beech Creek, and down theSaid Creek to the mouth".

6.) "Hanover County, Virginia, Court Records 1733-1735: Deeds, Wills, andInventories", transcribed by Rosalie Edith Davis, (1 Mar 1733) "Nicholasand Samuel Gentry post Ð100 bond with Mary Spradlin [/Spradling],administrator of the estate of John Spradlin".

7.) "The History of the Haggard Family in England and America,1433-1899", by David Dawson Haggard, published 1899. This book relateshow James Haggard, claimed by David Haggard to be the son of an Englishlord, was tricked into indentured service which resulted in him becominga school teacher in Norfolk County. "Among his pupils was a young lady ofgood appearance who pleased James and whom James pleased. They, knowingthey could not marry in the Colonies, because James was not a free man,agreed and ran away together, going to North Carolina, where they weremarried. After a few years they went back to Virginia." (This marriagehas been variously dated as 1703 or abt.1707.)




In this regard, another land patent is of interest in indicating thatNicholas Gentry was transported to the colony by someone else, and not asa British soldier. The following citation is taken from Nugent's Vol. 1II(1695-1732), p. 39, where Patent Book 9 is copied.

"George Alves granted 1014 acres in New Kent Co., St. Peters Perish, onboth sides of Totopotomoys Creek, 24 Apr 1700, p. 268, for transportationof [21 persons, among whom is to be found Nicholas Gentry, George Alvesand an Alice Alves]."

The Alves family will be found adjacent to the Gentrys not only onTotopotomoy's Creek, but also at a later settlement further upriver inHanover County. Since Nicholas Gentry was in Virginia as early as 1684,this grant to George Alves was obviously made long after the actualtransportation had been made, as was not infrequently the case.Alternatively, this particular patent may have been a reconfirmation ofan earlier grant for which no record is now (and perhaps then) available.In any case, this entry suggests that Nicholas did not come over as aBritish soldier but as dependent in some manner, perhaps as an indenturedworker, of a George Alves or unknown person from whom George boughtNicholas' headright..

It should be further noted that there is no record of a land grant to Nioholas Gentry, similar to the one for Samuel Gentry. Presumably,Nicholas purchased land on Totopotomoy's Creek or was granted it afterhis arrival in the colony. The land transfer records of New Kent Countycould provide invaluable information on Nicholas Gentry, but thoserecords were destroyed.

In view of the above, it ought to be questioned whether Nicholas and Samuel were British soldiers brought over to quell Bacon's Rebellion.This bit of family tradition may be more post-revolutionary embroidery onthe family's undoubtedly English origins than fact. If the patents citedabove are to be believed, Nicholas Gentry certainly was not brought overas soldier and the patent for Samuel Gentry suggests a man of more meansthan what would have been likely for British soldiers in the lateseventeenth century. A further consideration is that New Kent County wasa hot-bed of pro-Bacon sentiment during Bacon's Rebellion and one wonderswhether it would have been the place a couple of ex-Redcoats would havechosen to settle.


2001, W.M. Gentry - All rights reserved. This article may be reproducedin whole or in part for non-commercial purposes provided that properattribution (including author and journal name) is included.

Volume 1 Issue 1
February, 2001
Home Page and Index

A. Denny Ellerman

(Reprinted from "Gentry Family Gazette and Genealogy", vol iii, #17,p.55-65 (Dec 1982), published by Richard H. Gentry, McLean, Virginia)

Abstract: The difficulty in finding any land or other references to thefirst three generations of Gentrys in Virginia explains the lack ofaccounts of these generations in "The Gentry Family in America". Ellermanproposes that Nicholas and Samuel Gentry were the only Gentrys to reachAmerica in the 17th century, and Nicholas was the only one of the two toremain in the colonies.

Probably the most difficult task in establishing the genealogy of theGentry family in America is determining the connections among the firstthree generations in America. These generations span the one hundredyears between the arrival of the presumed brothers, Nicholas and Samuel,before 1684, and the American Revolution. The records for these firstthree generations are found with few exceptions in Virginia, since themigrations of the family to the states to the south and west occurred atthe time of or after the Revolution. Unfortunately, the records for thisperiod, and in particular for some of the counties in which the Gentryfamily settles, are sparse. Few of those which do exist establishdefinitive relationships among the Gentrys who are cited.

This period was the most difficult one for Richard Gentry in hispath-breaking "The Gentry Family in America" (hereafter cited as GFA),which remains the point of departure for all genealogical research on theGentry family on this side of the Atlantic. Except for the secondNicholas Gentry (hereafter, Nicholas-II to distinguish the son from theimmigrant father, Nicholas-I), Richard Gentry was unable to make anyother second and third generation connections. This is obvious in thesecond part of the book where the many Gentry family groups who cannot beconnected to Nicholas-I or Nicholas-II Gentry are listed. In fact, "TheGentry Family in America" is really an account of the descendants ofNicholas-II Gentry with considerable information concerning what areassumed to be collateral branches of the family.

The present-day researcher has far more to work with than did RichardGentry more than seventy years ago. In the intervening years, many moreof the county records of colonial Virginia have been published andindexed, so that it is no longer as necessary for the researcher toproceed laboriously page by page through the original books looking forthe occasional reference to a Gentry. A splendid example is the recentpublication of the early Louisa County records by Rosalie Edith Davis.Many of the references which had been found by early researchers, andwhich are cited in GFA, can now be placed in context by more extensivedocumentation which permits a more complete and continuous picture of aparticular individual

Despite these advantages, the modern researcher is still not likely to beable to make the definitive connections that would satisfy good researchstandards. Although one can always hope that a document will turn upsooner or later that will permit definitive relationships to beestablished, it must be recognized that the state of late seventeenth andearly eighteenth century records is such that few such documents can beanticipated. Instead, the delineation of relationships within the firstthree generations of Gentrys will have to proceed by means of inferencebased on what scraps of information are available. Such a procedure isnot dissimilar to methods of scientific inquiry where laboratoryexperiment is not possible, notably with respect to social phenomena, andwhere statistical inference provides the rules for separating meaningfulinsight from intriguing speculation.

The present article is an attempt at applying this procedure to what isprobably the irremediably incomplete documentation on the early Gentrys.It is an attempt at organizing the available data in a way that is eightypercent accurate where the present, and perhaps permanent, incompletenessof the data does not permit the drawing of definitive conclusions. In sodoing, working hypotheses are developed to serve three purposes: 1) Toorganize the available data to tell a plausible and hopefully accuratestory; 2) To guide further research for the definitive documentationwhich would prove or disprove the working hypotheses; and 3) To providethe stimulus for the piecing together of other scraps of information orfor different readings of the circumstances prevailing at the time andplace that will lead to the elaboration of alternative hypotheses thatorganize the extant data in a more meaningful fashion.

Section 1: The Immigrant First Generation

Two hypotheses are advanced in this section. These are, first, thatNicholas and Samuel Gentry were the only Gentrys to emigrate to Virginiain the colonial period, and second, that only Nicholas survived orremained in the colony. The first hypothesis has been more or lessassumed by most researchers based on family tradition related in GFA. Thesecond hypothesis has long been suspected and has been given additionalsupport by the recent publication of a land patent that has perhapsescaped the notice of many researchers on the Gentry family. Bothhypotheses are very helpful in bringing some order to the secondgeneration which is the subject of the next section to follow.

Working Hypothesis #I

The only Gentrys to emigrate to America in the seventeenth or eighteenthcenturies were Nicholas and Samuel who, by family tradition, werebrothers.

The earliest known record of a Gentry in America is the 1684 patent for300 acres in the vicinity of Totopotomoy's Creek in New Kent County(later Hanover County) by Samuel Gentry. The entry in the patent book iscited in full below with the original spelling and punctuation. Thecitation comes from Nell Marion Nugent's "Cavaliers and Pioneers:Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants. Vol. II (1666-1695)", page282. (See earlier date at

"Samuell Gentrey, 300 acs., New Kent Co.; S. side of York River; Betw.brs. of same and brs. of Tottapottamoys Cr., 21 Oct 1684, p. 405 (ofPatent Book 7). Adj. Col. John Page, Esqr.; Edward Houchin and NicholasGentrey. Trans. of 6 pers; John Morris, Francis Middleton, Hen. Tully,Elizabeth Ody, Mor. Gardner, 2."

Aside from the obvious information concerning date and location, thispatent contains two items of great interest. The first is the referenceto Nicholas Gentry who is an adjacent landowner. The fact that Samuelwould take out land adjacent toa person of the same surname must beconsidered a strong indication of some family connection between the two.The assumption that the two were brothers is based on family tradition asdiscussed on pages 14-15 of GFA.

The second item of note in this patent is that Samuel was granted the 300acres for transporting 6 persons to the colony. This is completely inkeeping with the headright system by which 50 acres were granted forevery person brought into the colony. [Edit. note: a coming article willdelve into the headright and indentured worker system in more detail.] Itis not clear whether Samuei Gentry was one of the six persons for whomheadrights were claimed. Five names are listed, leaving room for Samuelto be the sixth; however, there is a curious "2" listed after the lastname suggesting that the sixth person could be an unnamed dependent ofMor(ris?) Gardner. There is no other reference in the land patent recordsto Samuel Gentry as either transporting himself or being transported byanother. This could be explained by speculation advanced by RichardGentry in GFA, that Nicholas and Samuel were British soldiers broughtover to quell Bacon's Rebellion and later released to settle in Virginia.If so, Samuel was presumably able to accumulate the money as a soldier,or after discharge, to pay for the transportation of others to thecolony, or to buy someone else's headrights.

In this regard, another land patent is of interest in indicating thatNicholas Gentry was transported to the colony by someone else, and not asa British soldier. The following citation is taken from Nugent's Vol. 1II(1695-1732), p. 39, where Patent Book 9 is copied.

"George Alves granted 1014 acres in New Kent Co., St. Peters Perish, onboth sides of Totopotomoys Creek, 24 Apr 1700, p. 268, for transportationof [21 persons, among whom is to be found Nicholas Gentry, George Alvesand an Alice Alves]."

The Alves family will be found adjacent to the Gentrys not only onTotopotomoy's Creek, but also at a later settlement further upriver inHanover County. Since Nicholas Gentry was in Virginia as early as 1684,this grant to George Alves was obviously made long after the actualtransportation had been made, as was not infrequently the case.Alternatively, this particular patent may have been a reconfirmation ofan earlier grant for which no record is now (and perhaps then) available.In any case, this entry suggests that Nicholas did not come over as aBritish soldier but as dependent in some manner, perhaps as an indenturedworker, of a George Alves or unknown person from whom George boughtNicholas' headright..

It should be further noted that there is no record of a land grant toNioholas Gentry, similar to the one for Samuel Gentry. Presumably,Nicholas purchased land on Totopotomoy's Creek or was granted it afterhis arrival in the colony. The land transfer records of New Kent Countycould provide invaluable information on Nicholas Gentry, but thoserecords were destroyed.

In view of the above, it ought to be questioned whether Nicholas andSamuel were British soldiers brought over to quell Bacon's Rebellion.This bit of family tradition may be more post-revolutionary embroidery onthe family's undoubtedly English origins than fact. If the patents citedabove are to be believed, Nicholas Gentry certainly was not brought overas soldier and the patent for Samuel Gentry suggests a man of more meansthan what would have been likely for British soldiers in the lateseventeenth century. A further consideration is that New Kent County wasa hot-bed of pro-Bacon sentiment during Bacon's Rebellion and one wonderswhether it would have been the place a couple of ex-Redcoats would havechosen to settle.

The records cited above provide the basis for assuming that both Samueland Nicholas were immigrants. In the 1680s, there were still fewnative-born. The only adult Gentrys found in the early Virginia recordsbefore 1709 are Samuel and Nicholas. Others are found after 1709, a fullgeneration after the original seating on Totopotomoy's Creek; but thosereferences are easily related to Nicholas Gentry in a manner that makesit most likely that they are his descendants.

Working Hypothesis #2

Of the two related Gentry immigrants, only Nicholas survived or remainedin America, so that all the Gentrys of colonial Virginia and theirprogeny descend from Nicholas Gentry only.

The vestry book of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, Virginia, whichwas transcribed by C. G. Chamberlayne, contains the following entries onpages 357-358 relating to the baptisms of:

Peter, son of Samuel Gentry on April 10, 1687;

Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Gentry an August 29, 1689;

Nicholas, son of Nicholas Gentry on May 30, 1697; and

Mable, daughter of Nicholas Gentry on December 13, 1702.

Both immigrants clearly had children in Virginia and it could be supposedthat the many Gentrys who cannot be definitely related to the Nicholas-IIare descended either from Peter or from other sons of Samuel andNicholas-I who did not get entered into the St. Peter's Parish VestryBook.

There are however two circumstances which suggest that the immigrantSamuel Gentry and his son Peter either died or did not stay in colonialVirginia. The first of these is the complete absence of any mention ofeither this Samuel Gentry or of Peter Gentry in the existing records ofthis period. (A later Samuel Gentry who is a member of the secondgeneration starts showing up in the records in the 1720s and can betraced through at least the 1760s.) Of course, the records for thisperiod are not many, particularly for New Kent County, where the Gentryfamily first settled. Nevertheless, a continuous skein of evidenceattests to the presence of Nicholas Gentry from 1684 through 1709, andalways in the vicinity of Totopotomoy's Creek. This skein of evidenceconsists of the following items:

1684 Nicholas Gentry is cited as an adjacent landowner in the previouslycited patent which granted 300 acres on Totopotomoy's Creek in New KentCounty to Samuel Gentry.

1689 Nicholas Gentry is named in a processioning order of the St. Peter'sParish Vestry (op.cit., p. 21).

1689 Nicholas Gentry is cited as the father of Elizabeth who was baptisedon August 29 of this year in St. Peter's Parish in New Kent County(Chamberlayne, "St. Peter's," p. 357).

1697 Nicholas Gentry is identified as the father of Nicholas who wasbaptised on May 30 of this year in St. Peter's Parish (op.cit., p. 357).

1701 Nicholas Gentry is ordered paid for clothes and funeral charges fora Mabel Wood (op. cit., p. 78).

1702 Nicholas Gentry is identified as father of Mable baptised onDecember 13 in St. Peter's Parish (op. cit. p. 358)

1703 Nicholas Gentry and all the "tithables up the north side ofTotopotomoy's Creek," are ordered to help George Alves clear the roads inhis predinct (op. cit., p. 89).

1709 Nicholas Gentry and "Jo Gentry" are named as land-owners in Precinct13 for the 1708/09 Procesioning (Chamberlayne, "St. Paul's," p. 212).(St. Paul's Parish was formed in 1704 from the upper reaches of St.Peter's Parish including Totopotomoy's Creek.)

1709 Nicholas Gentry is appointed overseer for and keeping in repair anunspecified road cited in a county court order of January 8, 1708/09.Joseph Gentry as well as several others named in the Precinct 13processioning order for this year are ordered to assist (op. cit., pp.32-33).

1709 Nicholas Gentry enters complaint that more assistance is needed tokeep his road passable and the vestry wardens order that 12 additionaltithables be sent for two days to assist Nicholas Gentry make bridgesover Crump's Creek and the Deep Swamp (op. cit., pp. 33-34). (Crump'sCreek is a tributary of the Pamunkey River to the north of Totopotomoy'sCreek and south of Mechumps Creek on which the Hanover County Court Housewould later be located.)

1709 Nicholas Gentry is cited in a payment order of the St. Peter'sParish vestry wardens in connection with Henry Chiles for keepingBenjamin Billingsley (op. cit., p. 35).

This undoubtedly incomplete record is nevertheless convincing indemonstrating that Nicholas Gentry was alive and did remain in New KentCounty at what must be presumed to have been the first home of the Gentryfamily in America in the vicinity of Totopotomoy's Creek. (This part ofthe county later became Hanover County which it remains to this day.)With the exception of the entry dated 1687 concerning the baptism ofSamuel's son, Peter, there is no record of Samuel Gentry. It could haveeasily happened that Samuel and his family moved to another county;however, the quit rent rolls of 1704 which gave the first comprehensivelisting of landowners in colonial Virginia list only one Gentry,Nicholas, the owner of 250 acres in New Kent County. (See "The Quit Rentsof Virginia, 1704", compiled by Annie Laurie Wright Smith, p. 35.) And,to this writer's knowledge, no record of either the first Samuel or theson Peter has been found in any other county records of this period. Theverdict of Richard Gentry, "No other trace or record of this Peter or anyother child of Samuel Gentry has ever been found," (GFA, p. 15) appearsas sound in 1982 as it was in 1909.

The second circumstance supporting the hypothesis that Samuel Gentry andhis descendants did not survive or remain in Virginia is a recentlypublished record of a later patent concerning the 300 acres originallygranted to Samuel Gentry. The patent, an extract of which is quoted infull below, can be found on page 107 of Nugent's recently publishedVolume III concerning patents issued between 1695 and 1732.

"David Holt, 300 acs. New Kent Co., S. side of York River, bet. brs. ofSd. River and and brs. of Totopotomoys Creek, 2 May 1706, p. 728 (ofPatent Book 9). Adj. Col John Page, Esqr., land of Edward Hawkins andNicho, Gentry. Granted Samuell Gentry, 21 Oct. 1684, who deeded same toDavid Crawford, Grandfather of said David Holt, 5 Jan. 1685,who by deedof gift, dated 28 May 1686, conveyed to said David Holt, then and still aminor, the land is granted by order, etc."

This,entry is a good example of the benefits to be derived from a goodindex for no one would have thought to look under David Holt forinformation about Samuel or Nicholas Gentry and few researchers wouldhave the time or patience to read through every word of the patentrecords for a reference to a Gentry. This entry in the patent books wasnot an original grant but a confirmation of the current owner'spossession by merit of earlier purchase from the original patentee.

It is clearly indicated here that Samuel Gentry did not long own the 300acres he took out in 1684. Indeed the question can be raised whether heever even "seated" himself on the grant. What appears to be the case isthat soon after acquiring the land, which was his right for transportingsix persons to the colony, he sold it to another who stayed.

Samuel Gentry's possession of the patented land was little more than ayear (5 Jan 1685 is 5 Jan 1686 by the new calendar adopted in the 1740swhich moved the change in year from April 1 to January 1). That allowsfor the possibility of having put in a crop for one growing season in1685; but, if so, Samuel Gentry did not continue. He obviously was stillliving in St. Peter's Parish for a year or more after he sold the 300acres since Peter was baptised on April 10, 1687. Thereafter, there is nofurther record.

Premature death certainly cannot be ruled out for both Samuel and Peter;however, return to England must be viewed as equally probably, expeciallysince Samuel seems to have been a person of sufficient means to transportsix persons to the colony in the first instance. Whatever the sumreceived from David Crawford for the 300 acres, the absence of furtherrecord of Samuel Gentry in colonial Virginia argues against thesupposition that Samuel bought land elsewhere and stayed on in thecolony.

All that we can assert for sure is that Samuel Gentry, who was quiteprobably related to Nicholas Gentry, had arrived in the colony by October1684, that he was still there in April 1687, and that in this period oftime he converted his headrights to land, sold the land little more thana year later, and fathered a son. The baptismal entry makes it clear thatPeter was legitimate and from that circumstance we can also stronglyinfer that Samuel had taken a wife in the colony since there is noindication of a wife among those for whom head-rights were claimed withthe 1684 patent.

Coming Issues

The manner in which the political, religious, and cultural climate of17th and 18th century Virginia affects our knowledge of the earlyGentrys, including the "headright" and "indentured worker" systems andthe lack of land records, will be briefly summarized. In addition, wewill describe St. Peter's Parish and St. Paul's Parish in which the earlyGentrys resided, and their related records.

Following issues will cover in considerable detail in turn: the evidencefor the make-up of the family of Nicholas-I; what we know of Nicholas'sons, Joseph-II and Samuel-II; and the documentary evidence for the briefdescription of Nicholas-II found in "The Gentry Family in America".


2001, W.M. Gentry - All rights reserved. This article may be reproducedin whole or in part for non-commercial purposes provided that properattribution (including author and journal name) is included.
Gentry, Nicholas (I374)
13 "West Virginia Births, 1853–1930." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2008, 2009. From digital images of copies of originals housed in County Courthouses throughout West Virginia. Birth records. Source (S457)
14 "West Virginia Deaths, 1853–1970." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah. From originals housed in county courthouses throughout West Virginia. "Death Records.". Source (S455)
15 "West Virginia Marriages, 1853–1970." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2008, 2009. Digital images of originals housed in County Courthouses in various counties throughout West Virginia. Marriage records. Source (S456)
16 (Research):
The following record was found in the 1870 Census:

From 1870 Rhea County, TN Census on microfilm

2nd Civil District
Post Office: Sulfur Springs
Enumerated 14th of July, 1870
John P Walker Ass't Marsahal 240

Page 1
1 1 HOOD Rufus 32 M W Farmer TN
Susan 23 F W k-h TN
Margaret 6 F W TN
Sarah 3 F W TN
Charles 1 M W TN
James D 15 M W Laborer TN

This record shows a James D. Hood who was 15 at the time of the census. My James Daniel Hood was born on 2 Jun 1853 and would have been 17 at the time of the census. This could be the same person.


From 1870 Rhea County, TN Census on microfilm

First Civil District
Post Office: Sulfur Springs
Enumerated 14th of July, 1870
John P Walker Ass't Marsahal 236

Page No. 17

118 118 HOOD Du?? 22 M W Farmer TN
Elizabeth 28 F W k-h TN
John T 8 M W TN
James A 3 M W TN
David M 1 M W TN
Helen 32 F W h-k TN
James R 4 M W TN
Eliza E 2 F W TN

There is a Rebecca Ann Hood, child, age 1, living in the household of James D. Hood in the 1880 census of Rhea County, yet she doesn't show up in any other census. The following unverified record from shows a Rebecca Ann Hood, daughter of James Hood and Margaret Emory, born in Meigs County.

Husband's Name
Born: Abt. 1850 Place: <, Meigs County, Tn>

Wife's Name
Born: Abt. 1854 Place: <, Meigs County, Tn>

1. Sex Name
F Rebecca Ann HOOD (AFN:4P18-DT)
Born: 6 Feb 1876 Place: Meigs County, Tn
Died: 9 Dec 1963 Place: Knoxville, Knox, Tn

BRUCE SHERMAN JOHNSON Microfilm: 1394281
HUNTSVILLE AL Submission: AF83-064926
USA 35803 
Hood, James Daniel (I666)
17 (Research):
There is a James EMERY listed in the 1840 Meigs Co. Census, I wonder if they were related. 
Emery, Margaret Rebecca (I8)
18 (Research): Find parents of Luke in County Down, Ireland.

Luke was supposedly born in Down. There is a County Down and within the county, there is a Parish Down. Breeze is certainly a name from County Down, and some of the references I found show most of the Breeze names from the parish of Killyleagh, followed by the parish of Saintfield, and then the parishes of Killinchy and Comber.

David Stielow writes: I know that there was also a Luke Breeze in Morgan Co., OH, and I believe that he was either a son or grandson of the Luke Breeze in Shenandoah/Frederick Cos., VA. (note: this has not been verified)

Sandi on Genforum has found the following:

Cemeteries of Deerfield & Union Twps, Morgan Co., Ohio, c. 3/1982 Morgan Co. Hx Soc., pg. 32:
Locust Grove Cemetery, Deerfield Twp located in Section 33, Deerfield Twp on County Rd. 244 south of OH State Route 37 between Nixon's Nob and the Newlon Farm (in April 1981)

BREESE, A M 1847-1927
BREESE, Albert Jackson Feb 12, 1839-Nov 5, 1911
BREESE, Albert W 1877-1896 s/o AJ & MM
BREESE, Amanda L 1850-1909 w/o John H
BREESE, Emma J (Scheetz) 1849-1912 w/o A.M.
BREESE, Elvia A April 27, 1873-Dec 15, 1879 d/o AM & EJ
BREESE, John H 1849-1898
BREESE, John L Apr 24, 1878-Jul 18, 1880 s/o AM & EJ
BREESE, Luke July 9, 1809-Mar 23, 1899
BREESE, Mary Jul 29, 1809-Dec 3, 1900 (on stone with Luke BREESE)
BREESE, Mary M 1841-1919 w/o Albert Jackson BREESE

Cemeteries of Deerfield - Union Twps, Morgan Co., OH c. 1982 by Morgan Co. Hx Society, pg. 1: Deerfield Cemetery located in Deerfield Twp Section 23. On Deerfield Rd 187 about 0.1 miles north of its junction with OH State Route 37. The Deerfield Presbyterian Church which is located at the west edge of the cemetery is still active and all grounds including the cemetery are well cared for.

WILLS 1818-1868 Morgan Co., OH c. March 1989 The Morgan Co. Chapt. OGS, pg. 1: ADAMS, Edmond - Will dated 30 June 1855 - Deerfield Twp. - Will Book 1, Page 167

Dau-Evoline NEWTON
Son-Martin ADAMS

Witness-Luke BREESE & Mary BREESE - Will probated 13 Feb 1860 
Breeze, Luke (I140)
19 (Research): He states in the 1870 Indiana census that he was 52 years old which would put his date of birth as 1818, Nancy Coming has his birth year as 1820, but Bert Holston's letter indicates 1814. His tombstone in the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery in South Bend indicates he was born in 1818 and died in 1893. I will use the date of 1818 for his year of birth.

Bert indicates in his letter that his grandmother (John's wife) was named Avery. No evidence has every been found to substantiate this. We can prove that John Holston married Harriet N. Ferris on 31 December 1844 in St. Joseph County, Indiana and that William A. Holston was born exactly 9 months later on 3 October 1845. Therefore Harriet Ferris is definitely the mother of William A.

One researcher states that she knew John had 3 wives, but never knew the name of the first one. Both this source and Nancy Coming have William and Chancy (Chauncey) being born to Harriet Ferris and the remainder of the children to John Holston and Rosanne Ketcham (Morss).

1820 Census - This is undoubtably the record for John Holston in Hardin, Kentucky with 4 apparent sons, one daughter and his wife. He is a farmer and owns no slaves. Also listed on this page is his neighbor and his wife's Great-Uncle, James Smith.
1814 - John Holston (Jr.) birth [according to Bert]

1844 - Family moved to St. Joseph County, Indiana [evidence is Sarah Holston Battles tombstone which states that the family moved from Kentucky to St. Joseph County, IN in 1844]

According to Bert, John Holston was born in Elizabethtown, Hardin County Kentucky in 1820. The 1840 U.S. Census of Kentucky, Hardin County lists other Holstons/Holstens: Bartholomew Holsten and two Wm Holsten.
Holston, John (I64)
20 (Research):"Thomas's son Lewis Bailey, "(Father) was a man of ordinary size, weighed about 150 lbs., was neither slender or bulky, but a man of usual form. also stated that he died with grey hair but had dark hair earlier in life and blue eyes."
John Hubbard Bailey added, "Black beard". 
Bailey, Lewis (I279)
21 (Research):A pension was filed in 1907 for a John C. Freiley who was in Company E, Regiment 6 in the Mounted Infantry.

Publication title: Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900
NARA publication number: T289
Publisher: National Archives and Records Administration
Collection title: Civil War Pensions
Collection: Civil War Pension Index Cards

From: "Sue Tackel"
Subject: [TXWISE-L] List of Civil War Vets
Date: Sat, 30 Nov 2002 11:49:31 -0600

David Smith has sent in the following list of 275 Civil War Veterans that are buried in Wise County. If you know of corrections or additions you ay want to let him know at

Freiley John C. Friendship Cemetery, Wise County Texas
Freiley, John Calvin (I687)
22 (Research):A William Childers is shown in the 1809 roster of regulars of the Fort Hiwassee Roster. Could this be the same William that married Lydia Ann Stanley in 1841? Childress, William M. (I730)
23 (Research):According to the Darnall Family Tree on Ancestry ( Leander Travis Hutcheson was born 16 Nov 1854 in Pikeville, Bledsoe, Tennessee, USA and died 16 Jan 1934 in Doyle, White, Tennessee, USA. No source citations were given. Hutcheson, Leander Travis Sr (I1054)
24 (Research):Alice Rudo info about birth place and date. No birth record found as yet. Salter, Esther (I197)
25 (Research):All of the following has not been confirmed as yet:

Virginia Godsey Kelley has traced Jesse Martin's family back to James Martin who may have come to Virginia with the Presbyterian families who came there with John Caldwell.

In the 1786 Franklin Co, VA, Personal Property Tax List, transcribed by Jeffrey C. Weaver July 26, 1998 ( iver/va/fran1786.htm) there is a James Martin with 1 tithable , 1 white over 21, no whites 16-21, no slaves over 16, one slave under 16, five horses, and 16 cattle.

Judy Belle Horick ( writes the following in her research: "Harold M Howser believes that the Martins and Howsers arrived in Tennessee around 1822. The 1820 federal census of Tennessee doesn't help us confirm this because the Rhea County portion of the census has been lost." 
Martin, James Sr. (I759)
26 (Research):Bert in his letter states that the family moved from Monticello, Iowa to California in 1883, and since William A. Holston and Iowa Missouri Ogden were married in Monticello, it can be assumed that Bert was born in Monticello, Iowa. The California Death Index lists his place of birth as Iowa. Holston, Bert Robert (I31)
27 (Research):Bert spells his wife's name as Ash. The California Death Index lists it as "Ashe". Ash, Augusta (I76)
28 (Research):Bert stated that she was deceased in his letter of 7 Jan 1900.

Two entries from the Vital Statistics book transcribed by the Northern Indiana Historical Society. Not sure which one is correct.

Lear Mrs. d. Mar 24 1888
SBW 31 Mar 1888-1

Leer Mrs. d. May 1875
SBW 15 May 1875-3 
Holston, Mary (I66)
29 (Research):Birthplace is believed to be Bälinge in Uppsala Län. Date of birth calculated from death statistics which stated he was 86 yrs, 5 mos., & 17 days old at his death on 8 April 1788, at Kvranbo, Läby, Uppsala. Ulfström, Jonas (I1586)
30 (Research):Birthplace is believed to be Bälinge in Uppsala Län. Date of birth calculated from death statistics which stated she was 64 yrs, 3 mos. old at her death on 23 Sep 1792, at Kvranbo, Läby, Uppsala. Wallensten, Maria Johana (I1587)
31 (Research):Blanche's maiden name, her birthdate and marriage data were obtained from a OneWorldTree submission where the person was researching the Seamans family line. According to this record, Blanche was the oldest of 5 children Seamans, Blanche I. (I1489)
32 (Research):Cremated, ashes scattered at sea. Holston, Doris Joyce (I90)
33 (Research):Cremated, ashes scattered at sea. Prather, John Roy (I434)
34 (Research):Danny Ellerman writes in his Gentry Family Gazette and Genealogy

"The backward "B" by which Nicholas Gentry's wife Jane signs one of the deeds suggests that her maiden name may have begun with a B. Assuming this to be so, I have always considered Brown the leading candidate for the following reason. When Nicholas and his wife moved to Brown's Cove in Albemarle County, they settled among a whole group of Browns with whom they had many and close dealings for the ten years or so that they remained there. One of those Browns was named Benajah, from whence perhaps the name of one of Nicholas and Jane's sons. As was typical of so many moves west, family connections tended to guide the path. In this case, Nicholas and Jane and sons David, [Moses] and Martin did not move close to where their sons, Robert and Benajah had settled earlier in Albemarle County but in an area of the county where there were no other Gentrys at that time. I think it possible that it was her [Jane's] family that determined the direction of that particular move." 
B, Jane (I420)
35 (Research):Death date: 3 Mar 1877 Fulton, Illinois (unverified)

Nancy Birdwell b. 11 Feb 1784 d. 01 Oct 1872. First married to Thomas Hagan, 15 Sep 1801 in Washington County, TN. Second husband Nicholas Freiley - married 28 Jul 1811 in Barren County, KY (unverified)
Freiley, Nicholas (I1060)
36 (Research):Did Peter Pool(e) have two wives? Lillie Sherwood's document states he was married to Mary Yates, yet there is evidence that he was married to Phoebe Strossnider.

Liz ( from Norco, CA wrote:

I am afraid I am not much help on research sources where the Poole Strossnider families are concerned. The information I have, I got from research my father's great-aunt did it 50 or 60 years ago. She did not give any sources. I can say, however, that all the other information I have from her research was accurate and verifiable so far. But I have not yet verified what she had on this branch of the family. Here, however, is what I do have:

I have Peter Poole as being born in 1758 in Fairfax Co., VA. (Some sources suggest his parents were Daniel Poole [b. 12 June 1715 in Sheffield, England] and Catherine Ann Van Swearingen.)

I have Peter married twice: to Mary (maiden name unknown) and to Phoebe Strossnider.

My aunt wrote that he was a "Revolutionary War veteran - 16th Virginia Regiment 16 April 1777 to 2 Sept 1780. Honorable discharge for reasons of health. Took part in battles at Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth. For his service, he was granted 100 acres of land in Faifax County, which he deeded over to Thomas Patterson, apparently to pay a debt. Married Phoebe Strossnider while on a three-month furlough in 1778, and returned to the war, leaving her with her family in Augusta Town (near present day Washington, PA.)"

Children of Peter listed as:

Phoebe Poole (b. 1784, m. George Knox)
Mary Ann Poole (b. 1802, m. Matthew Griffin)
Sarah Ann Poole (b. 1810, m. William Wilson - 9 children, whose names I have)
Elizabeth Poole (b. 1813)
Daniel Poole
William Poole
Peter Poole
Lydia Poole (m. _____ Foster)
Mary Poole
Susan Poole
Catherine Poole (m. William Campbell)

She did not indicate which children were from which marriage, though if her marriage date for Peter and Phoebe is correct, we know at least Phoebe, Mary Ann, Sarah Ann, and Elizabeth were children of his second wife, Phoebe.)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- post 07 Dec 2001

From: Sandy Schwausch

I have read with interest yours and others messages relating to Peter Poole, and relationship with the Mitchell family. I have been trying for a number of years to find out information on y Poole and Mitchell ancestors.

My great great grandmother was Julia Ann Poole b.28 Jan 1844 in Pennsylvania. She Married Marion Hayes Mitchell b.3 dec 1839. Julia Poole was the daughter of Peter Poole and Frances Wilson. Peter Poole born abt. 1800 in Pennsylvania. Peter was the son of Peter Poole, born 1758 in Fairfax Co., Virginia.

I know the Poole family migrated to Ohio at one point as both of Julia Ann's berothers enlisted in the military during the Civil War in Ohio and her brother Robert married in Columbiana Co., Ohio.

I have no information on Marion Hayes Mitchell other than his mother was Eliza Jane Hayes and his father was David Mitchell who died young. Do I connect with your Poole/Mitchell family? I would appreciate any help.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- post 22 Jan 2002

Fom: Jane Carson Topoly

I, too, am supposedly descended from Peter Poole and Phoebe Strossnider through their daughter Sarah Ann Poole (1810-1878) and her husband William Wilson (1805-1878). I have tried unsuccessfully to prove this connection for the past ten years. Some information about the descendants of Daniel Poole and Catherine Ann VanSwerengen, parents of Peter Poole, can be found in the reference "Poole Family" by Mollie B. Knox, published in Waynesboro, PA in 1937. The Washington, PA Citizen's Library has a copy...not sure where else one might be located. Note that info on my line in this book has proven to be mostly untrue! As an example, Elizabeth Wilson, d/o William Wilson and Sarah Ann Poole, is noted as marrying Thomas Walker, my great great grandfather in 1849, yet she appears with her parents in the 1850 through 1870 census records of Allegheny Co, PA! Oh well, hope the reference is of some use to you.

Regards, Jane 
Poole, Peter (I80)
37 (Research):Doug Moore writes: Near him (Christian Freiley) lived Thomas Billingsley. Billingsley, Mary Elizabeth (I691)
38 (Research):Edna Clack of Dayton, TN writes:

My records for Rhea County stop at 1900 but there is one John Stanley b. June 1878, in the household of Mary Stanley born May 1844, widow, had 4 children, 3 still living - in the 1900 Census of Rhea County. I see marriages for a John Stanley to Edna Secton Sept 21, 1900.

Note: This is definitely Mary Elizabeth Freiley who married John L Stanley. After John's death, she raised the children. The marriage of John Stanley is John B. Stanley and the Edna Secton referred to above is Edna Sexton, John B's first wife.

Larry A. Beach of Dayton, TN writes:

Meigs County 1880 census
John Stanley 52, Mary E. 39 (w), John B. 1, Mary E 8/12 2-39-353
2-39-353 = Enumeration District 2, Page 39, Household #353

Note: This record refers to John L. Stanley, my grandfather's father. John Stanley's mother and father's birthplace was shown as VA, and he was born in TN. His occupation was a farmer. Mary E. Stanley's mother and father's birthplace was shown as TN and she was born in TN as well. Her occupation was shown as "keeping house".

COMMENT: John B. would have been 1+ years old at this time, depending on when the census was taken. Mary E. is listed as 39 years old, but if she was born in 1844 she would have been 36 or 37 at the time of the census. No real problem there. Also, their daughter, Mary E. 8 months old and she doesn't show up in the 1900 Rhea County census, and I now know that she died before this date. Also, Mary was apparently a widow at the time of the Rhea County 1900 census and if her husband, John L. Stanley were alive he would have been 72.
Freiley, Mary Elizabeth (I9)
39 (Research):Found a record in RootsWeb World Connect:

from a Thomas Garcia

Shows Joe and Palmira Puente along with Dad's mother and father.
Puente, Paul Faustino (I2)
40 (Research):Found following record:

Captain Thomas J VanDyke - 1809

James Hood
William Hood

They are listed in the roster of regulars (not officers)
Hiwassee Post (Fort) - (1806 - 1814), near Five Points, Tennessee. A federal post located at the confluence of the Hiwassee and Tennessee Rivers. Actual site is now under Chickamauga Lake.
Note: this could be James Hood, the father of James D. Hood. Perhaps William is a brother of his.

1830 Rhea Co. Census record: Hood, Robert 21012001-102001 This person may not be related, however, there are no other Hoods in the 1830 census of Rhea Co. 
Hood, James (I263)
41 (Research):From Bo Nordenfors - 20 May 2008

Birth record of Henrik Lindskog found in Katarina parish, Stockholm.

Father Adolf Ludvig Lindskog, mother Augusta Wilhelmina Martin (not sure about her maiden name) - 41 years of age - residence Hökens grönd 3

Source: GID 2734.473.93000, [Stockholm] Katarina, CII.10, Födde,Dop, 1843 - 1850, 477-0, Bild 252 av 288

According to the indexes at Stockholms Stadsarkiv Adolf Ludvig has resided either in Maria or in Katarina beginning in 1844 and until his death.

From Stockholms Archiv

Adolf Ludvig is shown in the archives as being a "Jernkramhandlare" (hardware store merchant) in the Katarina norra parish from 1848 to 1852, then in the Maria norra parish from 1856 to 1870, and from 1872 to 1878 in Maria södra as either a "f. d. Handlande" or a "Minuthandlade" (involved in the retail trade). 
Lindskog, Adolf Ludvig (I947)
42 (Research):From Bo Nordenfors 21 May 2008

1855 Adolf Fredrik 1428 Martin /f Lengdahl/ Juliana Snickarmästaränka Fastigh ägare 17771127

nee Lengdahl -- widow of master carpenter, owning house, born 27 Nov. 1777 
Lengdahl, Juliana Magdelena (I950)
43 (Research):From Margo Leonetti O'Connell - no documentation as yet. Rotundo, Maria Teresa (I1034)
44 (Research):From Margo Leonetti O'Connell - no documentation as yet. The LDS microfilmed records do show that Antonio was 26 at the birth of his first son Francesco Saverio in 1813. Although the ages that are shown on the birth records are notoriously inaccurate, Antonio's age does appear to be accurate. (1788 + 26 = 1814) Leonetti, Antonio (I1260)
45 (Research):From Margo Leonetti O'Connell - no documentation as yet. The LDS microfilmed records do show that Rosa was 19 at the birth of her first son Francesco Saverio in 1813. Although the ages that are shown on the birth records are notoriously inaccurate, this one appears to be correct. Rosa's age does appear to be correct (1795 + 19 = 1814). Pagliaro, Rosa (I1261)
46 (Research):From Richard Morse

Hi Paul. I am from the Elizabeth Morse line. She was married to Chauncey Mead. Elizabeth had a child out of wedlock named Ephraim Thomas Morse. He lived near the Mead's in Iowa. Do you have any information on who the father of Ephraim is.

Hi again Paul, I am very excited about finding other people researching the Mead/Holston line. For everyones information Elizabeth Morse/Mead's father was John Morse, Her mother was Elizabeth Rarick. Her grandfather was Samuel Benjamin Morse and her Grandmother was Irena Mead. I am not sure if there is a connection between Chauncey and Irena. When my Morses went to Nebraska in the late 1800's from Iowa there were a bunch of families that went together. The Holston's, Woods, Orcutt's Rarick's, Mead's and other are all related. They all lived in the Monticello, Iowa area.

Elizabeth's last name is either Mors, Morse, or Morss. Her father is listed as John Mors. This family goes back to Anthony Mors who came here in 1635 on the ship the James. I am hoping somebody, especially relatives of either Anne or Elizabeth Mead may know who the father of Ephraim is. My great aunt Bertha Emerick/Morse knew, but swore she would take it to the grave. She did. The Mead's and Morse's first appear together in upstate New York or New Jersey in the mid 1700's. Samuel Benjamin was born in about 1735, his son John was born in about 1780 in New Jersey. Elizabeth Morse was born in New Jersey in about 1806, they moved to St Joseph in about 1807. John his son Henry and daughter Anne all died before 1813 in St Joseph area. Ephraim was born in 1823, father unknown. Elizabeth Rarick married Benjamin Crouch after the death of John. They had at least three children. Enough for now. Later Richard

Hi again. I wish to extend my invitation to all others who have information on these families to reply to our queries. I have most of the information on the Morse clan. When Chauncy and Elizabeth moved to Iowa they already had a lot of family near by. Check the census for Jones County, Iowa for 1852 - 1856. Any Rarick, Morse, Woods, Orcutt, Mead and others were all related. Ephraim moved to Monticello in about 1852. By the way Ephraim also was listed as Moss. The original Mors family came here with five brothers and wives. Thanks 
Morss, Elizabeth (I301)
47 (Research):Glorian believes his middle initial might have been R. Holston, Guy W. (I28)
48 (Research):Glorian Mitchell believes that Ed Vogel was born in San Francisco, but not exactly sure. She stated that his mother who died when he was born is buried somewhere in SF. We now know that Edgar was born in SF and his mother was buried in the San Francisco Columbarium in 1897. Since she died 13 days after Edgar was born she probably died from complications of childbirth.
Vogel, Edgar Zissig (I358)
49 (Research):Hank Johns Genealogy at RootsWeb:

lists Nancy Ann and the entire Johns family as follows:

ID: I3062
Name: David JOHNS
Given Name: David
Surname: JOHNS
Sex: M

Change Date: 24 Aug 2006
Note: David Johns shown on List of Taxables in Captain Moyers Company in 1832, Rhea Co., TN.
Birth: 10 MAY 1811 in Union County, South Carolina
Death: 1864 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Note: Edward R. Chattin appointed adm. of David Johns, dec'd; Meigs County Court Minutes, 4 Sep 1865, p. 68.
Burial: 1864 Powell Cemetery, Meigs County, Tennessee

Father: William JOHNS b: ABT 1788 in Cumberland County, Virginia
Mother: Wife UNKNOWN

Marriage 1 Nancy SYKES b: 18 MAY 1810 in Tennessee
Married: 17 MAY 1831 in Rhea County, Tennessee
Note: S.R. RUSSELL MG, Eli SYKES, bondsman.

Cylva "Jane" JOHNS b: 25 FEB 1831 in Rhea County, Tennessee
Elizabeth JOHNS b: 1834 in Rhea County, Tennessee
Mary JOHNS b: 1836 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Nancy "Ann" JOHNS b: 1841 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Margaret JOHNS b: BET 1841 AND 1843 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Thomas "John", "Jack" JOHNS b: 1842 in Meigs County, Tennessee
William R. JOHNS b: 1844 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Louisa "Lucy" Catherine JOHNS b: 1847 in Meigs County, Tennessee
James Franklin JOHNS b: 19 MAY 1847 in Meigs County, Tennessee
Johns, Nancy Ann (I646)
50 (Research):Harold M Howser believes that the Martins and Howsers arrived in Tennessee around 1822.

Joyce Proffitt, Rt. 1 Box 249, Decatur, TN 37322, says, "My great, great, great-grandfather John Martin was born in 1755 in Franklin County, Virginia. He left Virginia and went to Kentucky for one year. then moved to southeastern Tennessee and settled here in 1820.

I know that Polly Martin married a Howser since she is mentioned in John Martin's will by her married name.

In the 1860 Meigs County census we find Polly and her husband, James Howser;

P030-28 HOWSER - Post Office Pine Land, Tenn., 2nd Civil District,June 25, 1860- 215/ 215
James 66 M W Farmer Va
Polly 62 F W House Keeper Va
Mary A. 35 F W Asst. House Keeper Tn
John M. 28 M W Farm Hand Tn
Betsy 25 F W Asst. House Keeper Tn
Minerva 23 F W Asst. House Keeper Tn

I believe that Nancy Stanley is Nancy Martin who married Jonathan Stanley on 22 Dec 1819 in Franklin Co., VA.

My question was always why one of the Stanley boys (Jonathan) left Franklin Co. and moved to Meigs Co., TN when his entire family seemed to remain in Franklin Co. If Harold Howser's information is correct that the Martins and Howsers moved to TN around 1822 then it is likely that Jonathan made the move with his wife Nancy Martin and James Howser with his wife Polly Martin.

John Martin's Will

After the will (shown below in the sources) was contested by Nancy and Sabert and found to be the true will of John Martin, the case was certified back to Meigs County. However, Judy Belle Clark Horick also found the following information

"Funds were to have been set aside to transfer Joe to the western coast of Africa and to maintain him for six months, as prescribed by law. On 23 Apr 1866 Joe petitioned the State of Tennessee for voluntary enslavement. The cause was dismissed because no action was taken in two terms. The cause was taken to the Tennessee Supreme Court, and various parties were ordered to pay to the clerk and master the amounts owed but had paid nothing; Chancellor ordered them to pay or be under contempt of Court. This action was taken sometime between 30 Apr 1857 and 11 Mar 1872 (ibid, p. 43 )."

1830 Meigs Co., TN Census

1840 Meigs Co., TN Census

John Martin, 60-70, 1F 40-50, 1M 15-20

Note: It is unlikely that this is my John Martin, because he would have been about 88 years old in 1840, unless of course, he lied about his age or the census taker ticked the wrong box. However there is also a Surret MARTIN two houses away from this John Martin. It is possible that this is "Sabert" whose name is so unusual that it is spelled differently in every source that I find.

Marriages of Meigs County of 1838 - 1850

MARTIN, Henry to COX, Sarah E. 23 Nov 1840
MARTIN, Jesse to McDANIEL, Martha 09 Jun 1841
MARTIN, Owen to STARNS, Sarah 06 Jan 1844
MARTIN, T. FAN, Sarah 11 May 1844
MARTIN, Wilie O. to DAUGHTY, Eleanor 16 Nov 1843
MARTIN, Wilie O. to HUTSON, Nancy 30 Jan 1844

Haven't put the above to "my" Martin family yet. But, last 2 records are interesting. Did Willie marry two women or Eleanor died suddenly. hmmmm...... 
Martin, John (I733)

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